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Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered on the east by Kenya, on the north by Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, which is also bordered by Kenya and Tanzania.

Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompassed a portion of the south of the country including the capital Kampala. Half of the population of the country lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.

The country is one of the most beautiful countries in Africa with fantastic natural scenery and the friendliest and welcoming people in the whole of Africa who value their culture and are always happy to teach it to the visitors. They feel honored if the visitors do respect them too. 

Uganda's economy has great potential; endowed with significant natural resources. However, chronic political instability and bad economic management has produced a record of persistent economic decline that has left Uganda among the world's poorest and least-developed countries.

Other Facts



Official language:



Ugandan (s)

Ethnic groups:

Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census)


Roman Catholic 41.9%, Anglican Church of Uganda (35.9%), Pentecostals 4.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.5%), Orthodox 0.1, Bahai 0.1, Traditional 1.0, Other non-Christian 0.7, None 0.9, Muslim 12.1%, other christians 1.2 (2002 census).


Democratic Republic


October 9th,1962 from United Kingdom


18 years of age; universal.


Total:   241,038 sq km
land:     197,100 sq km
Water:  43,938 sq km


Tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast.


Mostly plateau with rim of mountains.

Natural resources:

copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, oil.

Land use:

Arable land: 21.57%
Permanent crops: 8.92%
Other: 69.51% (2005)

Natural hazards:

Floods & drought

Environment - current issues:

Draining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; widespread poaching.


30.66 million. (Males at 14.93 Million and Females at 15.73 Million)

Population growth rate:

2.692% (2009 est.)

Projected population in 2025:

56,744,814 (2009 estimate)

Projected population in 2050:

128,007,514 (2009 estimate)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 50%
15-64 years: 47.9%
65 years and over: 2.1%  (2009 est.)

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR):

6.7 children born/woman (2009 est.).

Why the Fertility is high?

  • High desired family size of 5.6 for men and 4.8 for women
  • Unmet family planning of 42%
  • Low contraceptive use of 24%

Morbidity and mortality:


  • Highest cause of morbidity has been malaria since 2000, with 59% and 50% in 2005/2006, followed by respiratory infections, 14% in 2005/2006
  • Infant mortality is 76 births per live 1000 births
  • Under five mortality is 137 births per 1000 live births
  • Maternal mortality is 435/1000 live births

Causes of mortality

  • Birth related (more than 1/3 of the infant deaths as high risk)
  • Preventable diseases (malaria, diarrhea, measles, pneumonia)
  • Malnutrition
  • Low full immunization

Welfare and poverty:


  • In 2002/2003, 25% of households took one meal a day. This improved to 18% taking one meal a day in 2005/2006. And on average 8% in Uganda took one meal a day in 2005/2006
  • In 2002/2003, 38.8 % lived below a dollar which declined to 31.1% in 2005/2006 implying that as per 2006 8.4 million people live under the poverty level

Life expectancy at birth:

Total population: 52.72 years
Male: 51.66 years
Female: 53.81 years (2009 est.)

People living with HIV/AIDS:

940,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

77,000 (2007 est.)

Major infectious diseases:

Degree of risk: very high.
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever.
Vectorborne diseases: malaria, plague, and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness).
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis.
Animal contact disease: rabies (2009 est.).

Literacy rate:

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 66.8%
Male: 76.8%
Female: 57.7% (2002 census)


Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper, cobalt, gold, and other minerals. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. During 1990-2001, the economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Growth continues to be solid, despite variability in the price of coffee, Uganda's principal export, and a consistent upturn in Uganda's export markets. In 2000, Uganda qualified for enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined with the original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion.

GDP (purchasing power parity): $39.38 billion (2008 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $14.53 billion (2008 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 6.9% (2008 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,300 (2008 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:

  • Agriculture: 21.5%
  • Industry: 24.6%
  • Services: 53.9% (2008 est.)

Public debt:

7.4% of GDP (2008 est.)

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